A brewer reaches ultrapure water standards.
The CWA’s long-range goal is to reach zero discharge of pollutants, but the permits do not typically say “no discharge.”
As demand for freshwater in hydraulic fracturing rises, so will the need to treat produced and flowback wastewater.
Researchers compared California’s water conservation efforts with two options: banning landscape irrigation and expanding the use of alternative water sources, such as desalination and recycled water.
Seventy-six percent of Californians believe recycled water should be used as a long-term solution for managing water resources, regardless of whether a water shortage continues.
The groups’ letter said that recycled water projects proposed by 92 agencies in 14 states could produce more than 900,000 acre-feet of additional water supply.