OXFORD, Pa. — The pulp and paper industry is one of the heaviest users of water within the North American industrial economy, requiring on average 54 cubic meters of water per metric ton of finished product, according to a press release by Scalewatcher North America Inc.

As water is used in nearly every part of the manufacturing process, accumulation of scale is a phenomenon that can occur in all pulp and paper making processes. This occurs even with the purest water and state-of-the art water treatment.

The scale deposits can cause a number of operational problems such as plugging of equipment, inefficient usage of chemicals, increased utility costs, lost production due to downtime and downgraded products from increased dirt counts.

Continuing read this white paper here to find out more about the types of fouling that can occur in the water of pulp and paper industries.